Many people grow fruits in their gardens without knowing their cold or heat tolerance. Hot weather plays a crucial role in fruit growth and development.
What Fruits Can Grow in Hot Weather? Fruits that can grow in hot weather include dragon fruit, melon, mangoes, and jackfruit. In addition, oranges, black plum, and date palms are also not affected by hot air in summer. Furthermore, the prickly pear cactus is a heat-resistant variety that can survive under warm climatic conditions.
The growth rate of many fruit plants, like grapefruit or pears, slows down or even halts at high temperatures as they only grow well in cold environments.
However, many other fruits can also continue their development in a hot climate, like watermelon has an extreme tolerance to high temperatures and grows well in warm areas.
What is the impact of temperature on fruits growth?
Many factors control fruit growth, including nutrient supply, humidity, light, and temperature. They have a direct impact on the survival of plant and brings changes in developmental pattern.
Moreover, it is better to find a suitable plant that can survive in the climatic conditions of the particular region when you are interested in having them in your garden.
It is challenging for a plant to survive in an extremely cold and hot environment as every plant has its requirements.
Additionally, increased or decreased temperature can make them grow slowly, and you will get the fruit after a prolonged duration.
Therefore, it is essential to know about the hot weather in your region to get plants that can survive well at that temperature without getting affected.
List of fruits that can grow in hot weather
Many heat-tolerant fruits can survive in hot weather, and you will not observe any noticeable changes in their growth pattern at high temperatures.
Most commonly, the US temperature ranges between 78 to 95 degrees Fahrenheit during summer, requiring plants that can tolerate climatic changes.
In summer, the temperature can go up to 90 to 95 degrees Fahrenheit when many plants die due to their lesser resistance to hot weather.
The dragon fruit can sustain the growth rate at higher temperatures but prefers to remain in a moderate environment.
It can maintain its developmental process even at 34 to 90 degrees Fahrenheit, and the extreme temperature can only be achieved in a few states of America like Florida and California.
However, the ideal range for this plant is 64 to 76 degrees Fahrenheit, and they need watery soil. You can benefit from having such heat-tolerant plants in the backyard as they are rich in vitamin C.
Melons like warm climates and produce fruits in the summer when the temperature rises to almost 80 to 90 degrees Fahrenheit.
Moreover, they prefer a mild environment to grow well when the temperature is maintained at 63 to 74 degrees Fahrenheit. Therefore, it is better to keep them moist to improve their growth but avoid overwatering.
They need prolonged exposure to sunlight provided in hot weather when the days are longer. So, you can get high-quality fruit with a sweet taste in the warm weather.
Jackfruit is known for its high nutritional value and heat tolerance, as it is rich in protein, potassium, and vitamins.
Moreover, it can tolerate extremely hot weather of almost 75 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit. It prefers a humid climate in tropical areas and is cultivated only in Hawaii and Florida.
You have to keep the roots moist to help them establish well in the soil. A garden hose can be an excellent tool to water the base of a plant without overwatering.
It contains vitamin C that can help protect cells from damage, and boosts the immune system. Its ultimate benefits allow many gardeners to have an orange plant in their backyard.
However, they are afraid of high temperatures that can kill a plant or have a negative impact on plant growth. Therefore, the orange is an ideal heat-tolerant plant that can survive in hot weather.
It can resist changes due to warmth and high tolerance as it can tolerate almost 77 to 90 degrees Fahrenheit. An ideal season for its development is the start of July to mid-September.
A date palm tree can produce fruit within 3.5 to 5 years when the conditions are ideal, or even it can sustain the growth pattern when the temperature ranges between 90 to 95 degrees Fahrenheit.
Their trees prefer to reproduce in warm weather or need sunny conditions. So you can ideally grow them in areas of warm climate that add to their scenery when loaded with fruit.
They are highly resistant to drought and even cold conditions, but temperatures below 20 to 22 degrees Fahrenheit can cause damage to their fronds, leading to the death of trees.
Mangoes are packed with nutritional elements like carbohydrates, proteins, potassium, etc.
It takes almost 6 to 8 years for a mango tree to produce fruit that can be ripened within 4 to 5 months.
They need sun exposure for almost 8 to 10 hours as they grow slowly at low temperatures.
They can grow well under 96 degrees Fahrenheit, but the situation can worsen when it reaches more than 100 degrees Fahrenheit.
The black plum is an ideal plant for a hot climate as high temperatures cannot affect its growth, and it can tolerate up to 96.8 degrees Fahrenheit.
A temperate climate goes well with black plums as they need fewer chilling hours. Flowering begins in the spring, March or April, while they bear fruits in June and July.
Furthermore, they are widely grown in Massachusetts, New Mexico, Montana, and Georgia. In addition, southwestern regions of Canada also have a few trees of back plum.
Prickly pear cactus
It is also known as Opuntia ficus-indica, which can survive in moderately warm temperatures. It has many health benefits as it can help control obesity and cholesterol level.
Its fruit is known for its ornamental appearance and can survive hot weather as it can tolerate almost 60 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit.
Furthermore, they have adapted to high temperatures as they can efficiently store excess water in the pads that can help them survive in hot weather and drought conditions.
How do you grow fruits in hot weather?
You can work on different strategies to help plants grow well when the external temperature is high. It is better to get heat-resistant plants if you have planned to grow them in a warm region.
However, you can also protect them from sunlight by frequent watering as moisture keeps them fresh and mitigates the effect of hot rays.
Moreover, if possible, you can use a shade cloth to cover the plants, which can act as a barrier between sunlight and plants. It can help reduce the intensity of the sun.
Furthermore, you can look for a water retention strategy that helps retain water around the roots of the plant for a long time and avoids drying.